Egg donation is a process in which a fertile woman donates her eggs or oocytes to another woman to help her conceive.
Egg donation is beneficial for women who cannot use their eggs for various reasons such as ovarian failure, diminished ovarian reserve, advanced age or to avoid congenital anomalies in the fetus.
Egg donor IVF process
Women considering egg donation are expected to undergo a medical evaluation that provides the complete history and physical examination to assure their health aspects. The doctor is given certain medications to the egg donor that helps to stimulate the ovaries to produce eggs.
Frequent blood tests and ultrasound examinations are performed to monitor the changes occurring due to the medications.
Transvaginal oocyte retrieval is performed to remove the eggs from the donor’s ovaries under general anesthesia with the help of a probe guide under ultrasound guidance. The procedure, being a minor one does not require the donor to stay back at the hospital. This entire procedure takes about thirty minutes.
Various factors affect a woman’s ability to donate eggs.Fertile women of younger ages are chosen as the donors because they respond better to fertility drugs and have a higher quality and quantity of eggs. Donors should be free of infections such as HIV and hepatitis C.One of the crucial aspects to be taken into consideration is the donor should be willing to do the procedure and should not be forced.Authored By : DR RUCHI MALHOTRA, DGO DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology