Intra Uterine Insemination
Fertility with IUI
IUI involves placing sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The primary purpose of IUI is to increase the number of sperms that reach the fallopian tubes, which, in turn, would increase the chance of fertilization.The most common reasons for IUI are low sperm count or decreased sperm motility. However, IUI is selected as a fertility treatment for certain other conditions as well, such as unexplained infertility, cervical conditions (cervical mucus), cervical scar tissue, and ejaculation dysfunction.
Procedure of IUI
Intrauterine insemination is also known as artificial insemination. The sperm cells are directly placed into the uterus around ovulation, as it helps the sperms get closer to the egg. This helps reduce the time, and distance sperm has to travel that makes it easier for the fertilization process.
Certain medications are recommended to stimulate ovulation. Semen is collected either from the partner or the donor. Sperm washing is performed to obtain a concentrated amount of healthy sperm from the semen. The concentrated semen is then placed into the uterus through a thin, flexible tube through the cervix. The sperm fertilizes the egg, and the fertilised egg gets implanted in the lining of the uterus.
Benefits of IUI
IUI is considered to be a simple procedure as compared to other fertility treatments. And this procedure involves minimal time with less discomfort. Normally, there is no need for anesthesia as it is not a painful procedure, but some people may have mild cramping.Authored By : DR RUCHI MALHOTRA, DGO DNB - Obstetrics & Gynecology